A、面粉类
面粉/中筋面粉 Plain flour /all-purpose flour
低筋面粉/低根粉 cake flour / soft flour / weak flour / low protein flour
高筋面粉/筋面/根面/高根粉 gluten flour / strong flour / bread flour / baker’s flour / high protein flour
小麦面粉 Whole meal flour
全麦面粉 whole wheat flour
澄面粉/澄粉/澄面 non-glutinous flour / wheat flour / wheat starch
自发面粉 self- raising flour
粗玉米豆粉 polenta / yellow cornmeal
粟粉/粟米粉/玉米粉/玉米淀粉(太白粉?) corn flour / cornstarch
生粉/太白粉/地瓜粉 potato starch / potato flour
树薯粉/木薯粉/茨粉/菱粉/泰国生粉/太白粉/地瓜粉 Tapioca starch / tapioca flour
蕃薯粉/地瓜粉 sweet potato flour
臭粉/胺粉/阿摩尼亚粉/嗅粉 powdered baking ammonia / carbonate of ammonia / ammonia bicarbonate / ammonia carbonate / hartshorn
发粉/泡打粉/泡大粉/速发粉/蛋糕发粉 baking powder
苏打粉/小苏打/梳打粉/小梳打/食粉/重曹 baking soda / bicarb ofsoda
塔塔粉/他他粉 cream of tartar
卡士达粉/蛋黄粉/吉士粉/吉时粉/ custard powder
卡士达/克林姆/奶皇馅/蛋奶馅 custard / pastry cream
蛋白粉 egg white powder
粘米粉/黏米粉/在来米粉/在莱米粉/再来米粉 rice flour
糕仔粉 cooked rice flour
糯米粉 glutinous rice flour / sweet rice flour
凤片粉/熟糯米粉/糕粉/加工糕粉 fried sweet rice flour / fried glutinous rice flour
绿豆粉 mung bean flour / tepung hun kwee
小麦胚芽/麦芽粉 wheat germ
小麦蛋白/面筋粉 wheat gluten
酵母/酒饼 yeast/ibu roti
面包糠/面包屑 breadcrumbs
杂粮预拌粉 multi-grain flour

B、糖类
黑蔗糖浆/糖蜜/甘蔗糖蜜 molasses
金黄糖浆 golden syrup
枫糖浆/枫树糖浆/枫糖 maple syrup
玉米糖浆 corn syrup/karo syrup
葡萄糖浆 glucose syrup
麦芽糖浆 barley maltsyrup/maltsyrup
麦芽糖 maltose/malt sugar
焦糖 carmael
果糖 fructos
乳糖 lactose
转化糖 invert sugar
日式糙米糖浆 amazake
绵花糖霜 marshmallow cream
冰糖 rock sugar
椰糖/爪哇红糖 palm sugar/gula malacca
黄砂糖 brown sugar
红糖/黑糖 dark brown sugar
粗糖/黑砂糖 muscovado sugar
金砂糖 demerara sugar
原蔗糖 raw sugar/raw cane sugar/unrefined cane sugar
白砂糖/粗砂糖 white sugar/refined sugar/refined cane sugar/coarse granulated sugur
细砂糖/幼砂糖/ 幼糖 castor sugar / caster sugar(适用于做糕点)
糖份混合物 icing sugar mixture
糖粉 icing sugar/confectioners’ sugar
糖霜/点缀霜 icing/frosting
蜜叶糖/甜叶菊 stevia/honey leaf
代糖/阿斯巴甜 aspartame/sweetener/sugar substitute
什色糖珠
巧克力米/朱古力米 chocolate vermicelli
巧克力削/朱古力削 chocolate curls
巧克力珠/朱古力珠 choc bits/chocolate chips
耐烤巧克力豆 choc bits (澳洲的英文名) / chocolate chips (美国、加拿大的英文名)


C、粉类/香料
抹荼粉 green tea powder
马蹄粉 water chestnut flour
葛粉 arrowroot flour
杏仁粉 almond flour/almond mieal
海苔粉 ground seaweed
凉粉/仙草 grass jelly
椰丝/椰茸/椰子粉 desiccated coconut/shredded coconut
果子冻/果冻粉/啫喱 jelly
鱼胶粉/吉利丁/明胶 gelatine sheets/powdered gelatine
大菜/大菜丝/菜燕/燕菜精/洋菜/洋菜粉/琼脂 agar powder
白矾 alum
硼砂 borax
石膏 gypsum
碱水/(木见)水/ 碳酸钾 alkaline water/lye water/potassium carbonate
食用色素 food colouring
香草豆/香草荚/香草片/香子兰荚 vanilla bean/vanilla pod
香草精/云尼拉香精/凡尼拉香精 vanilla extract/vanilla essence
香草粉 vanilla powder
班兰粉/香兰粉 ground pandan/ground screwpine leaves/serbok daun pandan
班兰精/香兰精 pandan paste/pasta pandan
玫瑰露/玫瑰露精 rosewater/rosewater essence essence
皮屑 grated zest/grated rind


D、油/奶酪
牛油/奶油 butter
软化牛油 soft butter
玛珈琳/玛琪琳/乳玛琳/雅玛琳/人造奶油/菜油 margarine
起酥油/起酥玛琪琳 pastry margarine / oleo margarine
猪油/白油/大油/板油 lard / cooking fat
酥油/雪白奶油 shortening
硬化椰子油 copha
椰油 Creamed Coconut
烤油 dripping
牛油忌廉 butter cream
淡忌廉 light cream/coffee cream/table cream
鲜奶油/忌廉/鲜忌廉 cream/whipping cream
包括:1 light whipping cream
2 heavy whipping cream/heavy cream/thickened cream
3 double cream/pure cream
酸奶油/酸忌廉/酸奶酪/酸奶酪 sour cream
酸奶 butter milk
牛奶/鲜奶/鲜乳 milk
奶粉 powdered milk / milk powder
花奶/淡奶/奶水/蒸发奶/蒸发奶水 evaporated milk
炼奶 condensedmilk/sweetened condensed milk
吉士/起司/芝士/奶酪/奶酪/干酪/乳饼 cheese
起司粉 powdered cheese
奶油起司/芝士忌廉/奶油奶酪/凝脂奶酪 cream cheese
玛斯卡波尼起司/马司卡膨起司/马斯卡波涅起司/意大利奶酪 mascarpone cheese
优格/乳果/酸奶/酸奶酪 yoghurt
酸奶 yoghurt drink/drinking yoghurt


E、糕点
面包/面饱 bread
土司面包/吐司 toast
法式吐司 french toast
裸麦面包 rye bread
派/批 pie
塔/挞 tart
冻派/冻批 cream pie
蛋塔 egg tart / custard tart
法式蛋塔 quiche lorraine
戚风蛋糕 chiffon cake
海绵蛋糕 sponge cake
泡芙 choux pastry / puff
玛琳/焗蛋泡 meringue
蛋蜜乳 eggnog
可丽饼 crepe
煎饼/热饼/薄烤饼 pancake
厚松饼 pikelet / hotcake
墨西哥面饼 tortillas
曲奇 cookies
慕斯/慕思 mousse
布甸/布丁 pudding
司康/比司吉 scones
舒芙蕾 souffles
洋芋块 hash brown
英式松饼/玛芬面包 english muffin
松糕/玛芬 american muffin
格子松饼 waffle
手指饼干 sponge fingers / ladyfingers / savoiardi (意大利名)
苏打饼干 saltine crackers
威化饼干 wafer biscuit


F、干果/果脯
腰子豆/腰果/腰果仁/介寿果 cashew nut
花生 peanut
瓜子/南瓜子 pepitas / dried pumpkin seeds
崧子/松子仁 pine nut
栗子 chestnut
干粟子 dried chestuts
核桃/核桃仁/合桃/胡桃 walnut
杏仁/杏仁片/扁桃 almond
北杏/苦杏仁 apricot kernel / chinese almond / bitter almond
南杏 apricot kernel
榛果/榛仁 hazelnut / filbert / cobnut
开心果/阿月浑子 pistachio
坚果/澳洲坚果/夏威夷果/澳洲胡桃/澳洲栗/澳洲核桃/昆士兰龙眼/昆士兰栗macadamia / california nut
山胡桃/胡桃 pecan
石鼓仔/马加拉/油桐子 candlenut / buah keras
白果/银杏 ginkgo nut
罂粟子 poppy seed
亚答子 atap seed
干椰丝 dessicated coconut
龙眼干/龙眼肉/桂圆/圆肉 dried longan
葡萄干 raisin / dried currant
无花果干 dried fig
柿饼 dried persimmon
桃脯 dried peach
杏脯 dried apricot
苹果脯/苹果干 dried apple
蜜渍樱桃/露桃/车梨子 glace cherry/candied cherry
蜜渍菠萝 glace pineapple/candied pineapple
糖水批把 Loquats in syrup
杏子酱 Apricot jam
杏桃果胶 apricot glaze
水蜜桃罐头 peaches in syrup
切片水蜜桃罐头 sliced peaches in syrup
综合水果罐头 cocktail fruit in syrup


G、其他
味精monosodium glutamate
醋 vinegar
白醋(工研醋) rice vinegar
白醋 white vinegar (西洋料理用的)
乌醋 black vinggar
酱油 soy sauce
蚝油 oyster sauce
麻油 sesame oil
白酒 white spirits
加饭酒 rice wine
桂花酒 osmanthus-flavored wine
芝麻酱 Sesame paste
辣椒酱 chili sauce
牛头牌沙荼酱 bull head barbecue sauce/Chinese barbecue sauce
南乳 ermented red beancurd
姜粉 ginger powder
调味蕃茄酱 ketchup
蕃茄酱 tomato sauce (普通甜的)
蕃茄酱 tomato paste (意大利料理用的)
豆办酱 chilli bean sauce
XO酱 XO sauce
豆豉 salt black bean
薏米 pearl barley
西贾米 Sago
沙莪粒/西米/小茨丸 pearl sago/pearl tapioca
红豆沙/乌豆沙 red bean paste
绿豆片 split mung bean
芝麻 Sesame Seeds
莲子 lotus seed
莲蓉 lotus paste
栗蓉 chestnut puree / chestnut paste
蜜枣 preserved red dates
红枣 chinese red dates
枣泥 red date paste
百合 dried lily bulb
金针 Tiger lily buds
陈皮 dried orange peel/dried tangerine peel
豆腐 Tofu
腐竹 dried beancurd sticks
腐皮 beancurd sheet
酸菜 pickled mustard-green
蒸山芋 steamed sweet potatoes
咸黄瓜 salted cucumber
脱水蒜粒 dehydrated garlic granules
冬菇 dried black mushroom
木耳 Mu-er
黑木耳 black fungus / wood ear fungus / dried black fungus
海带 sea vegetable / Sea weed
烧海苔 toasted nori seaweed / roasted seaweed sushi nori
板海苔 nori seaweed / dried sea laver
燕菜 agar-agar
虾米 dried shrimp
鱼干 dried fish
咸蛋黄 salted egg yolk
皮蛋(糖心/ 硬心) preserved duck eggs (soft and hard yolk)
咸鸭蛋 salted duck eggs
牛肉粒 dried beef cubes
牛肉片 dried beef sliced
猪肉松 dried pork floss
腊鸭 preserved duck
鸭肫干preserved duck gizzard
烤鸭 roasted duck
方便面 instant noodles
面条 noodles
米粉 rice-noodle
粉丝 silk noodles
馄钝皮 wonton wrapper/wonton skins
水饺皮 dumpling wrapper / dumpling skins /gyoza wrapper
春卷皮 spring roll wrapper , egg roll wrapper

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