目前日期文章:200704 (8)

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寻找新保姆

Makcik 回家乡后,妈咪逼着拿了一星期假顾你。(26-Mar-2007 ~ 30-Mar-2007)。还好Sofi的妈咪帮你找了个临时保姆,正好,就在对面家隔几间。新保姆Makcik Fauziah说好暂时顾着你,也因她还有个两岁大的儿子要顾,怕是怕她儿子会吃醋。不过Makcik Fauziah说,有你在,她儿子就不用整天那么闲,有个伴陪不用大眼瞪小眼的过日子。

见习期

找到那么靠近家的,看了还算满意,01-Apr-07 开始就要送你过去了。这几天都安排了带你过去熟悉熟悉环境,不过就是你,好像知道将要被送去那里,到了人家门口就板起脸来。爹地、妈咪坐在厅里跟 Makcik Fauziah 两夫妇谈你的事,凤姨抱着你在门口,想要踏前点,你就发出抗议。Makcik Fauziah 也想跟你好好的哦,你却一听到她的声音就大声的哭起来,弄得 Makcik Fauziah 很尴尬。看你这样,妈咪心里不忍,爹地、妈咪实在不懂要到哪里去找人顾你啊。

黄昏时,邻居的哥哥、姐姐、uncle auntie、 大大小小的大家都聚在外头玩耍、聊天。外面好热闹哦,弄得你好不耐烦地发出抗议了。妈咪知道了。。。知道了。。。每天这个时候你都要出去逛几圈。

妈咪放你在手推车里带你游花园咯,刚好 Makcik Fauziah 和几个师奶也在外头聊天,妈咪特意的推你过去。Sofi 的妈咪看你来,很开心的逗你要抱你,你也乐得张开双手给她抱。Makcik Fauziah看状也想来抱你,可是你啊~~~~唉~~~~ 宝贝,你真的那么讨厌 Makcik Fauziah 吗?! 人家要跟你好啊! 就算妈咪抱着你背向她,你一听到她的声音就张大喉咙哭喊起来,每个人都看过来了,Makcik Fauziah 真的好尴尬,你真的不该这样!

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看了这篇访谈,真是让我受益良多,对于母乳喂养又多了一层认识,也解决了我很多的担忧与疑问。
  • 喂母乳的好处。
  • 母乳该喂到几时?
  • 奶水不够怎办?
  • 剖腹产和自然分娩对母乳有影响吗?
  • 初乳有什么好处?
  • 工作是导致乳汁少的主要原因,有什么办法可以帮助职场女性帮助母乳喂养吗?
  • 孩子晚上醒来几次,是不是吃不饱?
  • 妈妈感冒期间是不是要停止哺乳?
  • 母乳含有很多抗体
  • 没有生过孩子的女人也会有奶
  • 喂完宝宝之后乳头痛
  • 妈妈吃的不好,是不是母乳之也不好?
  • 有一些人说奶粉里的一些成分比较好就放弃母乳喂养了。
  • 母乳喂养的孩子患病率比较少
  • 性担心乳房下垂拒绝母乳喂养
  • 遇到乳管堵塞怎么办?
  • 为什么吃奶粉的小孩是需要多补水的? 也特别容易便秘。
  • 母乳和奶粉混合喂养
  • 如何增加奶量?
  • 妈妈如果有乙肝能不能喂养?

from : http://baobao.sohu.com/20060104/n241277754.shtml

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宝宝长牙有一个较长的过程,出齐20颗乳牙,大约需要一年半到两年的时间。长牙可能引起发烧、流口水、乱啃咬……牙齿数量的增加改变了宝宝的饮食结构,爸妈一定要好好面对宝宝的出牙期哦。

宝宝出牙的一般规律
宝宝出牙的一般规律

宝宝乳牙有几颗?

出齐全部乳牙需要多久才能完成?

小牙牙的萌出有规律吗?

掌握宝宝出牙的一般规律

宝宝牙齿的发育及钙化,从胎儿期就开始了,胎儿长到第二个月,乳牙牙胚就开始在颌骨内发育。宝宝出生时,牙冠的发育就基本完成了,只是要等到大约6个月时,牙齿才会纷纷顶破牙床。

你看,宝宝真的是蛮会精打细算过日子的哦。6个月内只需要吃奶,根本用不到牙齿,所以就把牙齿收藏着。等到要添加辅食的月龄,才把这些贝齿拿出来使用。

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从前天开始,临晨时分都会拉肚子。前天有两次,昨天三次,今天还好只是一次。

每次便意来时都哭得很凄凉,爹地、妈咪看了很心痛。你会靠在妈咪身上,有时是跪着,有时是站着,一时哭,一时“谷”,妈咪看了心很荒,不知该如何,只会抱着你,拍你背部,一路跟你说话安慰你。blogger-emoticon.blogspot.com


这几天你都睡得不好,拉完了也快天亮了,这才能够安睡。 希望这真是要发牙啦,爹地、妈咪都在期待哦!blogger-emoticon.blogspot.com

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十二个月又1星期 上下各要长出两个牙

十一个月又3星期 @ 27-Jul-2007 拿起爸爸的手提说“哈啰”,还作莫作样讲电话。今天终于可以放手走十几步了,也很努力的向前走。。。。

十一个月又1星期 @ 12-Jul-2007 会举起手拜拜~

十个月又2星期 @ 17-Jun-2007 上面冒出一点点的两颗小小牙,下面看到点点白

十个月 爸爸~、妈妈~、Bu~、A^Bang~ 最会那句“唔moi啊~~~”

9个月又3星期 @ 26-May-2007 发现楼梯这个新大陆,从此多了个浦点

9个月 下面长出一颗小小牙,只冒出一点点

8个月半 会扶着东西走路。床、桌子、椅子、walker,一刻也不闲!

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Most medications have not been tested in nursing women, so no one knows exactly how a given drug will affect a breast-fed child. Since very few problems have been reported, however, most over-the-counter and prescrīption drugs, taken in moderation and only when necessary, are considered safe.

Even mothers who must take daily medication for conditions such as epilepsy, diabetes, or high blood pressure can usually breast-feed. They should first check with the child's pediatrician, however. To minimize the baby's exposure, the mother can take the drug just after nursing or before the child sleeps. In the January 1994 issue of Pediatrics, the American Academy of Pediatrics included the following in a list of drugs that are usually compatible with breast-feeding:

  • acetaminophen
  • many antibiotics
  • antiepileptics (although one, Primidone, should be given with caution)
  • most antihistamines
  • alcohol in moderation (large amounts of alcohol can cause drowsiness, weakness, and abnormal weight gain in an infant)
  • most antihypertensives
  • aspirin (should be used with caution)
  • caffeine (moderate amounts in drinks or food)
  • codeine
  • decongestants
  • ibuprofen
  • insulin
  • quinine
  • thyroid medications

Drugs That Are NOT Safe While Nursing

Some drugs can be taken by a nursing mother if she stops breast-feeding for a few days or weeks. She can pump her milk and discard it during this time to keep up her supply, while the baby drinks previously frozen milk or formula.

Radioactive drugs used for some diagnostic tests like Gallium-69, Iodine-125, Iodine-131, or Technetium-99m can be taken if the woman stops nursing temporarily.

Drugs that should never be taken while breast-feeding include:

Bromocriptine (Parlodel):A drug for Parkinson's disease, it also decreases a woman's milk supply.

Most Chemotherapy Drugs for Cancer:Since they kill cells in the mother's body, they may harm the baby as well.

Ergotamine (for migraine headaches):Causes vomiting, diarrhea, convulsions in infants.

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It's helpful for a woman who wants to breast-feed to learn as much about it as possible before delivery, while she is not exhausted from caring for an infant around-the-clock. The following tips can help foster successful nursing:

link to long descrīption

  • Get an early start: Nursing should begin within an hour after delivery if possible, when an infant is awake and the sucking instinct is strong. Even though the mother won't be producing milk yet, her breasts contain colostrum, a thin fluid that contains antibodies to disease.
  • Proper positioning: The baby's mouth should be wide open, with the nipple as far back into his or her mouth as possible. This minimizes soreness for the mother. A nurse, midwife, or other knowledgeable person can help her find a comfortable nursing position.
  • Nurse on demand: Newborns need to nurse frequently, at least every two hours, and not on any strict schedule. This will stimulate the mother's breasts to produce plenty of milk. Later, the baby can settle into a more predictable routine. But because breast milk is more easily digested than formula, breast-fed babies often eat more frequently than bottle-fed babies.
  • No supplements: Nursing babies don't need sugar water or formula supplements. These may interfere with their appetite for nursing, which can lead to a diminished milk supply. The more the baby nurses, the more milk the mother will produce.
  • Delay artificial nipples: It's best to wait a week or two before introducing a pacifier, so that the baby doesn't get confused. Artificial nipples require a different sucking action than real ones. Sucking at a bottle could also confuse some babies in the early days. They, too, are learning how to breast-feed.
  • Air dry: In the early postpartum period or until her nipples toughen, the mother should air dry them after each nursing to prevent them from cracking, which can lead to infection. If her nipples do crack, the mother can coat them with breast milk or other natural moisturizers to help them heal. Vitamin E oil and lanolin are commonly used, although some babies may have allergic reactions to them. Proper positioning at the breast can help prevent sore nipples. If the mother's very sore, the baby may not have the nipple far enough back in his or her mouth.
  • Watch for infection: Symptoms of breast infection include fever and painful lumps and redness in the breast. These require immediate medical attention.
  • Expect engorgement: A new mother usually produces lots of milk, making her breasts big, hard and painful for a few days. To relieve this engorgement, she should feed the baby frequently and on demand until her body adjusts and produces only what the baby needs. In the meantime, the mother can take over-the-counter pain relievers, apply warm, wet compresses to her breasts, and take warm baths to relieve the pain.
  • Eat right, get rest: To produce plenty of good milk, the nursing mother needs a balanced diet that includes 500 extra calories a day and six to eight glasses of fluid. She should also rest as much as possible to prevent breast infections, which are aggravated by fatigue.

来源 http://www.fda.gov/Fdac/features/895_brstfeed.html


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New parents want to give their babies the very best. When it comes to nutrition, the best first food for babies is breast milk.

More than two decades of research have established that breast milk is perfectly suited to nourish infants and protect them from illness. Breast-fed infants have lower rates of hospital admissions, ear infections, diarrhea, rashes, allergies, and other medical problems than bottle-fed babies.

"There are 4,000 species of mammals, and they all make a different milk. Human milk is made for human infants and it meets all their specific nutrient needs," says Ruth Lawrence, M.D., professor of pediatrics and obstetrics at the University of Rochester School of Medicine in Rochester, N.Y., and spokeswoman for the American Academy of Pediatrics.

The academy recommends that babies be breast-fed for six to 12 months. The only acceptable alternative to breast milk is infant formula. Solid foods can be introduced when the baby is 4 to 6 months old, but a baby should drink breast milk or formula, not cow's milk, for a full year.

"There aren't any rules about when to stop breast-feeding," says Lawrence. "As long as the baby is eating age-appropriate solid foods, a mother may nurse a couple of years if she wishes. A baby needs breast milk for the first year of life, and then as long as desired after that."

In 1993, 55.9 percent of American mothers breast-fed their babies in the hospital. Only 19 percent were still breast-feeding when their babies were 6 months old. Government and private health experts are working to raise those numbers.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is conducting a study on infant feeding practices as part of its ongoing goal to improve nutrition in the United States. The study is looking at how long mothers breast-feed and how they introduce formula or other foods.

Health experts say increased breast-feeding rates would save consumers money, spent both on infant formula and in health-care dollars. It could save lives as well.

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